This article will provide you the complete step by step procedure on How to Install Linux on a Virtual Machine?.
Installing Linux on a virtual machine is a great way to learn and experiment with the operating system without having to install it on a physical machine. In this article, we'll provide step-by-step instructions on how to install Linux on a virtual machine using VirtualBox, a popular virtualization software.
Step 1: Download VirtualBox
The first step is to download VirtualBox from the official website. VirtualBox is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. You must select the downloadable package that suits for your operating system and download the package installer file.
Step 2: Install VirtualBox
Once you've downloaded the VirtualBox installer, double-click on it to start the installation process. Follow the instructions on the screen to install VirtualBox.
Step 3: Download a Linux ISO Image
Once you have installed the VirtualBox on your System, Next thing we need an ISO Image. An ISO image is a file that contains the installation files for Linux. There are many different Linux distributions available, such as Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian. Choose the one that best suits your needs and download the ISO image. Its completely based on your requirement.
Step 4: Create a New Virtual Machine
Open VirtualBox and click on the "New" button to create a new virtual machine. Enter a name for the virtual machine and choose the type of operating system (Linux) and version that matches the Linux ISO image you downloaded. Click "Next" to continue.
Step 5: Configure Memory and Storage
In the next step, you need to configure the amount of memory and storage for the virtual machine. Enter the memory you need to define to your virtual machine. This will depend on the amount of memory you have available on your physical machine. For storage, choose "Create a virtual hard disk now" and click "Create" to continue.
Step 6: Create a Virtual Hard Disk
In the next step, you need to create a virtual hard disk for the virtual machine. Choose the type of hard disk you want to create and click "Next" to continue. Choose the storage type you want to use and click "Next" to continue. Choose the size of the virtual hard disk and click "Create" to continue.
Step 7: Install Linux on the Virtual Machine
With the virtual machine created, you're ready to install Linux. Start the virtual machine and select the Linux ISO image you downloaded earlier as the boot device. The virtual machine will boot from the ISO image and start the Linux installation process.
Follow the instructions on the screen to install Linux on the virtual machine. Choose the language and keyboard layout you want to use. Select the option to install Linux and follow the prompts to configure the installation.
Step 8: Configure Linux Settings
Once the installation is complete, you need to configure the Linux settings. Choose the username and password for the Linux user account. Configure the network settings, such as the IP address and DNS settings.
Step 9: Install VirtualBox Guest Additions
Finally, you need to install the VirtualBox Guest Additions. These are additional software components that improve the performance and functionality of the virtual machine. To install the Guest Additions, go to the "Devices" menu in VirtualBox and select "Insert Guest Additions CD Image". Follow the instructions on the screen to install the Guest Additions.
So Installing Linux on a virtual machine is a great way to learn and experiment with the operating system. With VirtualBox, you can create a virtual machine and install Linux in a few easy steps. By following the instructions in this article, you'll be able to install Linux on a virtual machine and start exploring the operating system in no time.