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How to Install and Configure MySQL on Linux

How to Install and Configure MySQL on Linux

MySQL is one of the most popular open-source relational database management systems used worldwide. It's widely used by web developers to create and maintain databases for their web applications. In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of installing and configuring MySQL on Linux.

Step 1: Update your system

Before installing any software, it's important to ensure that your system is up to date. To update your Linux system, run the following commands:

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade


Step 2: Install MySQL

Now that your system is up to date, you can proceed to install MySQL.

Use apt-get command to install MySQL package as below.

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

During the installation process, you will be prompted to set a root password for your MySQL server. So Use strong password and keep it for safe to protect the account.


Step 3: Secure MySQL

After installing MySQL, it's important to secure it to prevent unauthorized access to your database.

Use mysql_secure_installation command to secure MySQL installation:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

You will be prompted to enter the root password you set during installation. Go through the prompts, So you can secure MySQL installation. This includes setting a new root password, removing anonymous users, disabling root login remotely, and removing test databases.


Step 4: Configure MySQL

Once you have secured your MySQL installation, you can proceed to configure it for your needs. MySQL configuration files are stored in the /etc/mysql/ directory. You can edit the configuration files using any text editor, such as Nano or Vim.

One important configuration file is /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf, which contains various settings related to your MySQL server. Some of the important settings you might want to modify include the port number, the bind address, and the character set.

Use any editor you prefered to modify the configuration file.

sudo vim /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf

Make the required changes and save it.


Step 5: Restart MySQL

After making changes to the MySQL configuration file, you need to restart the MySQL server to apply the changes.

Use systemctl command to restart the MySQL server as below:

sudo systemctl restart mysql

Verify the status of MySQL service by using the below command:

sudo systemctl status mysql


If the MySQL server is running, you should see a message indicating that the service is active.

We have covered the step-by-step process of installing and configuring MySQL on Linux. By following these steps, you should now have a fully functional MySQL server running on your Linux system. Remember to keep your MySQL server secure by using strong passwords and following best practices for database management.

That's it for this post. Hope this post is helped you to understand How to Install and Configure MySQL on Linux.

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