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How to Create Kubernetes Service Account for API Access

How to Create Kubernetes Service Account for API Access

Kubernetes is a popular container orchestration tool that automates the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. One of the important features of Kubernetes is the ability to access its API server to perform various operations such as creating, modifying, and deleting resources.

To access the Kubernetes API server, you need to authenticate yourself with a set of credentials. In this article, we'll guide you through the steps to create a Kubernetes service account for API access.

A Kubernetes service account is an identity that is used to authenticate with the Kubernetes API server. It is a named set of credentials that can be used to access the API server programmatically. A service account can be used by multiple pods in a Kubernetes cluster to access the API server without requiring individual credentials for each pod.

Table of Contents

  • Prerequisites
  • Creating a Service Account
  • Creating a Cluster Role Binding
  • Verifying Service Account Access
  • More Examples

Prerequisites

Before we get started, you should have the following:

  • A Kubernetes cluster
  • kubectl command-line tool installed and configured to connect to your Kubernetes cluster

Creating a Service Account

To create a service account in Kubernetes, you can use the kubectl command-line tool. Here's how to create a service account named "api-access":

kubectl create serviceaccount api-access

After running the above command, Kubernetes will create a new service account named "api-access" in the default namespace.

Creating a Cluster Role Binding

Once you have created a service account, you need to bind it to a role that grants the necessary permissions to access the Kubernetes API server. For example, you may want to grant read-only access to the API server to the service account.

Here's how to create a cluster role binding that grants read-only access to the Kubernetes API server to the "api-access" service account:

kubectl create clusterrolebinding api-access-read-only \
--clusterrole=view \
--serviceaccount=default:api-access

After running the above command, Kubernetes will create a new cluster role binding named "api-access-read-only" that grants the "view" cluster role to the "api-access" service account in the default namespace.

Verifying Service Account Access

To verify that the service account has access to the Kubernetes API server, you can use the following command:

kubectl get pods \
--namespace default \
--as=system:serviceaccount:default:api-access

This command lists all the pods in the default namespace that are accessible to the "api-access" service account.

More Examples

You can customize the permissions granted to the service account by using different cluster roles and role bindings. For example, you may want to grant full access to the Kubernetes API server to the service account.

Here's how to create a cluster role binding that grants full access to the Kubernetes API server to the "api-access" service account:

kubectl create clusterrolebinding api-access-full-access \
--clusterrole=admin \
--serviceaccount=default:api-access

After running the above command, Kubernetes will create a new cluster role binding named "api-access-full-access" that grants the "admin" cluster role to the "api-access" service account in the default namespace.

Creating a service account in Kubernetes is a straightforward process that enables you to programmatically access the Kubernetes API server. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can create a service account and bind it to a cluster role that grants the necessary permissions to access the API server. We hope this article has been helpful in guiding you through the process.

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  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

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