Have you ever wanted to try out Linux but don't want to install it on your computer? Or maybe you need to run a Linux environment for a project or work but don't want to buy a separate computer? In this article, we'll show you how to install Linux on a virtual machine running on Windows 10.
A virtual machine is an emulation of a computer system that allows you to run multiple operating systems on a single physical machine. This is useful for testing software or for running programs that require a different operating system. Linux is a popular open-source operating system that is often used by developers and system administrators. In this guide, we'll use Oracle VirtualBox, a free and open-source virtualization software, to create a virtual machine running Linux.
Table of Contents
- Download and Install VirtualBox
- Download Linux ISO
- Create a New Virtual Machine
- Install Linux on Virtual Machine
- Install Guest Additions
- Configure Shared Folders
- Start Using Linux
Before we begin, make sure that you have administrator privileges on your Windows 10 machine. Also, have enough free disk space to install and run VirtualBox and Linux.
Download and Install VirtualBoxFirst, download VirtualBox from the official website, https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Choose the appropriate version for your Windows 10 machine, then install it by following the on-screen instructions.
Download Linux ISONext, download the Linux distribution ISO file. There are many different distributions of Linux, such as Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian. Choose the one that you want to install and download the ISO file from the official website.
Create a New Virtual MachineOpen VirtualBox and click on the "New" button to create a new virtual machine. Enter a name for the machine and choose the type of operating system and version that you want to install. In this case, we'll choose "Linux" as the type and "Ubuntu" as the version.
Install Linux on Virtual MachineNow, we need to install Linux on the virtual machine. Start the virtual machine, and it will boot from the Linux ISO file that you downloaded earlier. Follow the on-screen instructions to install Linux on the virtual machine. Make sure that you allocate enough disk space and memory to the virtual machine.
Install Guest AdditionsAfter installing Linux, you should install the VirtualBox Guest Additions. This will improve the performance of the virtual machine and allow you to use shared folders. To install Guest Additions, go to the "Devices" menu in the virtual machine's window and choose "Insert Guest Additions CD image." Then, follow the on-screen instructions to install the software.
Configure Shared FoldersTo share files between Windows 10 and the Linux virtual machine, you need to configure shared folders. In the VirtualBox window, go to "Settings" and choose "Shared Folders." Click on the "Add" button to add a new shared folder. Choose the folder on your Windows 10 machine that you want to share, then choose the mount point on the Linux virtual machine.
Start Using LinuxNow, you're ready to use Linux on your Windows 10 machine. Start the virtual machine and log in to the Linux environment. You can install additional software, create files, and use the terminal to run commands.
I hope this guide helps you to install Linux on a virtual machine running on Windows 10. Virtual machines are a great way to test different operating systems and run software that requires a different environment.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.