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How to Run Nginx on Docker

How to Run Nginx on Docker

Docker is a widely used containerization platform that allows developers to package their applications and dependencies in a portable way. One of the popular use cases of Docker is to run web servers such as Nginx. In this tutorial, we will go through the steps to run Nginx on Docker.

Prerequisites:

Before we start, make sure you have Docker installed on your system. You can download and install Docker by following the instructions provided in the official Docker documentation.

Step-by-Step Instructions:

  1. Create a Dockerfile

The first step is to create a Dockerfile that defines the configuration and dependencies of the Nginx container. Create a file named "Dockerfile" in a new directory and add the following lines to it.
FROM nginx
COPY index.html /usr/share/nginx/html

In this Dockerfile, we are using the official Nginx image as the base image and copying a custom index.html file to the default Nginx root directory.

  1. Build the Docker Image

After creating the Dockerfile, run the following command to build the Docker image.
docker build -t my-nginx-image .

This command will build a new Docker image with the name "my-nginx-image" using the Dockerfile in the current directory.

  1. Run the Docker Container

Now that we have built the Docker image, we can run it as a container using the following command.
docker run -d -p 8080:80 my-nginx-image

This command will start a new Docker container and map port 8080 on the host system to port 80 on the container. The "-d" option runs the container in the background, and the "my-nginx-image" argument specifies the name of the Docker image to use.

  1. Test the Nginx Server

Open a web browser and navigate to "http://localhost:8080" to test the Nginx server running in the Docker container. You should see the custom index.html file that we copied in the Dockerfile.

More Examples:

Custom Configuration:

You can also customize the Nginx configuration by adding a custom configuration file to the Docker image. Here's an example Dockerfile that includes a custom configuration file.

FROM nginx
COPY my-nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
COPY index.html /usr/share/nginx/html

In this Dockerfile, we are copying a custom configuration file named "my-nginx.conf" to the Nginx configuration directory.

Multiple Sites:

You can also run multiple Nginx sites in a single Docker container by configuring Nginx to serve multiple sites. Here's an example Dockerfile that includes two custom sites.

FROM nginx
COPY site1.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/
COPY site2.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/
COPY index.html /usr/share/nginx/html

In this Dockerfile, we are copying two custom site configuration files to the Nginx configuration directory.

In this tutorial, we learned how to run Nginx on Docker by creating a Dockerfile, building a Docker image, and running a Docker container. We also saw some examples of custom configuration and running multiple sites in a single container. Docker makes it easy to run Nginx and other web servers in a portable and scalable way.

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  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

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