You can Watch all our Tutorials and Training Videos on our YouTube Channel for Free! Subscribe Now!

How to Configure Primary and Secondary DNS Server in Linux?

How to Configure Primary and Secondary DNS Server in Linux, ?, linux dns server, linux dns server configuration, simple dns server linux
Admin
How to Configure Primary and Secondary DNS Server in Linux

As an administrator or a user, it is important to have a good understanding of Domain Name System (DNS) and how it works. DNS is a hierarchical naming system that maps domain names to IP addresses. DNS servers are responsible for resolving domain names to IP addresses. In this article, we will guide you through the process of configuring a primary and secondary DNS server in Linux.

Step 1: Install BIND

BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain) is the most widely used DNS server on the Internet. To install BIND on your Linux system, you can use the following command:

sudo apt-get install bind9

Step 2: Configure the Primary DNS Server

The primary DNS server is responsible for hosting the original copies of the zone files. The zone files contain the mappings between domain names and IP addresses. Here are the steps to configure the primary DNS server:

  1. Create a new zone file for your domain. You can use any text editor to create the file. For example, if your domain is example.com, you can create a file named example.com.zone.

  2. Add the necessary DNS records to the zone file. The most common DNS records are A records, which map domain names to IP addresses, and MX records, which specify the mail servers for a domain. Here is an example of how to add an A record:

example.com. IN A 192.168.1.100
  1. Edit the named.conf.local file to add a new zone. You need to specify the location of the zone file and the type of zone. Here is an example:
zone "example.com" {
type master;
file "/etc/bind/example.com.zone";
};
  1. Restart the BIND service to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart bind9

Step 3: Configure the Secondary DNS Server

The secondary DNS server is responsible for hosting copies of the zone files. It receives updates from the primary DNS server and uses those updates to keep its own zone files up to date. Here are the steps to configure the secondary DNS server:

  1. Edit the named.conf.local file to add a new zone. You need to specify the location of the zone file, the type of zone, and the IP address of the primary DNS server. Here is an example:
zone "example.com" {
type slave;
file "/var/cache/bind/example.com.zone";
masters { 192.168.1.100; };
};
  1. Restart the BIND service to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart bind9

Step 4: Test the DNS Configuration

To test the DNS configuration, you can use the dig command. The dig command is a DNS lookup utility that queries DNS servers for information about domain names. Here is an example:

dig example.com

The output should show the IP address of the domain name.

In this article, we have shown you how to configure a primary and secondary DNS server in Linux. DNS is a critical component of the Internet infrastructure, and it is important to have a good understanding of how it works. With the steps outlined in this article, you should be able to set up a DNS server and ensure that it is functioning correctly.

Related Searches and Questions asked:

  • How to Find DNS on Linux Command?
  • How to Create DNS Server in CentOS?
  • How to Set DNS Server in Ubuntu Command Line?
  • How to Set DNS Server in Linux Ubuntu?
  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

    Post a Comment

    Cookie Consent
    We serve cookies on this site to analyze traffic, remember your preferences, and optimize your experience.
    Oops!
    It seems there is something wrong with your internet connection. Please connect to the internet and start browsing again.
    AdBlock Detected!
    We have detected that you are using adblocking plugin in your browser.
    The revenue we earn by the advertisements is used to manage this website, we request you to whitelist our website in your adblocking plugin.
    Site is Blocked
    Sorry! This site is not available in your country.