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How to Create DNS Server in CentOS?

How to Create DNS Server in CentOS

A DNS (Domain Name System) server is an important component of any network that allows clients to resolve domain names into IP addresses. If you are using CentOS as your server operating system, you can easily set up your own DNS server using BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain).

In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of setting up a DNS server on CentOS using BIND. We assume that you already have a CentOS server set up and running.

Setting up BIND DNS Server on CentOS

Step 1: Installing BIND

First, you need to install BIND on your CentOS server. To do this, open a terminal window and enter the following command:

sudo yum install bind bind-utils

This command will install BIND and some useful utilities that you can use to manage your DNS server.

Step 2: Configuring BIND

Once BIND is installed, you need to configure it to act as a DNS server. The configuration file for BIND is located at /etc/named.conf. You can open this file using your favorite text editor, such as vim or nano.

sudo nano /etc/named.conf

The named.conf file contains the main configuration settings for your DNS server. You can modify this file to suit your needs, but for most users, the default configuration should work fine.

Step 3: Creating Zone Files

Now that BIND is installed and configured, you need to create zone files for your DNS server. Zone files contain the mappings between domain names and IP addresses. You can create zone files using a text editor and save them in the /var/named directory.

For example, to create a zone file for the example.com domain, you can create a file called /var/named/example.com.zone and enter the following information:

$TTL 86400
@ IN SOA ns1.example.com. admin.example.com. (
2023042601 ; serial number
7200 ; refresh
3600 ; retry
1209600 ; expire
86400 ; minimum TTL
)
@ IN NS ns1.example.com.
ns1 IN A 192.168.0.10
www IN A 192.168.0.20
mail IN A 192.168.0.30

This zone file defines the example.com domain, with a DNS server at ns1.example.com and three hosts with IP addresses 192.168.0.10, 192.168.0.20, and 192.168.0.30.

Step 4: Starting BIND

Once you have created your zone files, you can start BIND using the following command:

sudo systemctl start named

This will start the BIND service and make your DNS server available to clients on your network.

Step 5: Testing Your DNS Server

To test your DNS server, you can use the nslookup command on a client machine. For example, to look up the IP address of www.example.com, you can enter the following command:

nslookup www.example.com

This should return the IP address 192.168.0.20, which is the IP address of the host defined in the example.com zone file.

Setting up a DNS server on CentOS is a straightforward process that can be accomplished in just a few steps. With your own DNS server, you can easily manage your network's domain name resolution and ensure that your clients can access resources on your network with ease.

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  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

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