VirtualBox is a popular open-source virtualization software that allows users to create and run virtual machines on their computers. One of the most popular uses of VirtualBox is to create and run Linux virtual machines on Windows or macOS systems. In this article, we will walk you through the process of installing Linux VM on VirtualBox.
Step 1: Download VirtualBox
Before we can begin, we need to download and install VirtualBox. VirtualBox is available for free on the VirtualBox website. Choose the version that corresponds to your operating system and download it.
Step 2: Download Linux ISO
Next, we need to download the Linux distribution that we want to install. Linux distributions come in various flavors such as Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, etc. Choose the distribution that you want to install and download the ISO file.
Step 3: Create a New Virtual Machine
Once we have VirtualBox installed and the Linux ISO downloaded, we can create a new virtual machine. To do this, open VirtualBox and click on the "New" button in the top-left corner.
In the "Name and operating system" screen, give your virtual machine a name and choose the Linux distribution that you want to install from the dropdown menu. VirtualBox will automatically configure the settings based on the selected distribution.
Step 4: Configure VM Settings
Next, we need to configure the virtual machine's settings. In the "System" tab, you can adjust the amount of RAM and the number of CPUs that will be allocated to the virtual machine. In the "Storage" tab, you can add the Linux ISO as a virtual CD/DVD drive.
Step 5: Install Linux on the Virtual Machine
Now, we can start the virtual machine and begin the Linux installation process. The installation process will vary depending on the distribution that you are installing, but most Linux installations are straightforward and will guide you through the process.
During the installation process, you may be prompted to partition your hard drive, set up a root user account, and choose additional packages to install.
Step 6: Install VirtualBox Guest Additions
After the Linux installation is complete, we recommend installing VirtualBox Guest Additions. Guest Additions is a package that provides additional functionality to the virtual machine, such as better graphics performance, shared clipboard, and shared folders.
To install Guest Additions, start your virtual machine and click on the "Devices" menu in VirtualBox. Select "Insert Guest Additions CD image" and follow the on-screen instructions to install the package.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Linux on a VirtualBox virtual machine.
If you are having trouble installing Linux on VirtualBox, try the following:
- Make sure that you have enabled virtualization in your computer's BIOS settings.
- Allocate at least 2GB of RAM to the virtual machine.
- Check that the Linux ISO that you downloaded is not corrupted.
- Try a different Linux distribution or version.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.