If you need to transfer files between computers, the most reliable and secure method is through FTP or File Transfer Protocol. Vsftpd or Very Secure FTP Daemon is a fast and secure FTP server software that can be used on a Linux system. This article will guide you on how to set up a vsftpd server on RHEL 7.
- RHEL 7 installed on your system
- Root access to the system
Step 1: Install vsftpd
To install vsftpd, open a terminal and run the following command:
sudo yum install vsftpd
Step 2: Configure vsftpd
Once vsftpd is installed, we need to configure it. Open the vsftpd configuration file by running the following command:
sudo vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
Step 3: Configure vsftpd.conf file
Once you open the vsftpd.conf file, you will see a lot of commented-out options. Uncomment the following lines and make changes as mentioned below:
These options will disable anonymous login, enable local user login, allow users to write to their directories, and chroot the users to their home directory.
Step 4: Restart vsftpd service
After configuring the vsftpd.conf file, save the changes and restart the vsftpd service by running the following command:
sudo systemctl restart vsftpd
Step 5: Configure Firewall
By default, the RHEL 7 firewall blocks FTP connections. To allow FTP connections, you need to allow port 20 and 21. Run the following command to allow FTP connections through the firewall:
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=20/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=21/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Step 6: Create FTP user
To use FTP, we need to create a user account. Run the following command to create a user account:
sudo useradd ftpuser -d /home/ftpuser -s /sbin/nologin
sudo passwd ftpuser
Step 7: Connect to FTP Server
Now that we have set up vsftpd, we can connect to the FTP server using an FTP client like FileZilla. Open FileZilla and enter the server IP address, username, and password to connect to the FTP server.
Congratulations! You have successfully set up a vsftpd server on RHEL 7.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.
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