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FTP Server Configuration in Linux Step by Step

FTP Server Configuration in Linux Step by Step

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a widely used protocol for transferring files between systems over the internet. Configuring an FTP server on a Linux system can be a useful way to share files with remote clients or colleagues. In this article, we will go through the steps required to configure an FTP server on a Linux system.

Step 1: Install FTP Server

The first step is to install an FTP server on your Linux system. One of the most popular FTP servers is vsftpd (Very Secure FTP Daemon), which is available in most Linux distributions. To install vsftpd, use the following command:

sudo apt-get install vsftpd

Step 2: Configure FTP Server

Once you have installed vsftpd, you need to configure it to work with your system. The main configuration file for vsftpd is located at /etc/vsftpd.conf. Open this file in your favorite text editor and make the following changes:

anonymous_enable=NO
local_enable=YES
write_enable=YES
local_umask=022
dirmessage_enable=YES
xferlog_enable=YES
connect_from_port_20=YES
xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd.log
listen=YES
pam_service_name=vsftpd
userlist_enable=YES
tcp_wrappers=YES

These settings will disable anonymous access, allow local users to connect and write files, enable logging, and use PAM for authentication. Once you have made the changes, save and close the file.

Step 3: Create FTP User Accounts

Next, you need to create user accounts that can connect to your FTP server. To create a new user account, use the following command:

sudo adduser ftpuser

Replace "ftpuser" with the username of your choice. You will be prompted to enter a password and other information about the user.

Step 4: Set Permissions and Ownership

After creating user accounts, you need to set permissions and ownership for the FTP directory. By default, vsftpd uses the /var/ftp directory for FTP access. To change the ownership of this directory, use the following command:

sudo chown -R ftpuser:ftpuser /var/ftp

This command will change the ownership of the /var/ftp directory to the user "ftpuser". You can also set the permissions of the directory to 755 to allow read and execute access for all users.

Step 5: Start FTP Server

Finally, you need to start the FTP server. To start the vsftpd service, use the following command:

sudo systemctl start vsftpd

You can also enable the service to start automatically at boot time with the following command:

sudo systemctl enable vsftpd

Step 6: Connect to FTP Server

Now that your FTP server is up and running, you can connect to it from a remote client using an FTP client such as FileZilla. Enter the IP address of your Linux system and the username and password of the FTP user account you created earlier. You should now be able to transfer files between your local system and the FTP server.

Configuring an FTP server on a Linux system can be a useful way to share files with remote clients or colleagues. In this article, we went through the steps required to install and configure an FTP server using vsftpd on a Linux system. We also created user accounts, set permissions and ownership, and started the FTP server. With these steps, you should now be able to easily share files using FTP.

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  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

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