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How to Install and Configure Pure-FTPd Server on Ubuntu 22.04

How to Install and Configure Pure-FTPd Server on Ubuntu 22.04

Pure-FTPd is a free, open-source FTP server that supports multiple virtual users, quotas, IPv6, SSL/TLS encryption, and more. If you want to set up a reliable and secure FTP server on your Ubuntu 22.04 machine, Pure-FTPd is an excellent choice.

In this article, we will guide you through the process of installing and configuring Pure-FTPd server on Ubuntu 22.04.

Step 1: Update Ubuntu

Before installing Pure-FTPd, it's essential to ensure that your Ubuntu 22.04 machine is up-to-date. Open the terminal and run the following command:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Step 2: Install Pure-FTPd

Once the update is complete, you can install Pure-FTPd using the following command:

sudo apt install pure-ftpd

Step 3: Create Virtual Users

Pure-FTPd uses virtual users to authenticate and authorize access to the FTP server. To create a virtual user, you need to use the 'pure-pw' command-line utility.

First, create a plain text file that contains the username and password for the virtual user. In this example, we'll create a virtual user named 'ftpuser' with the password 'pass123'.

echo "pass123" | sudo tee -a /etc/ftpuser.passwd

Next, create a new virtual user using the 'pure-pw' command:

sudo pure-pw useradd ftpuser -u ftpuser -d /home/ftpuser

The '-u' option sets the system user to 'ftpuser', while the '-d' option specifies the home directory for the virtual user.

Step 4: Configure Pure-FTPd

By default, Pure-FTPd uses a standalone server configuration. However, you can customize the configuration by modifying the '/etc/pure-ftpd/conf/' files.

Here are some common configuration options you may want to change:

  • Enable TLS encryption: Uncomment the line '# TLS 2' in '/etc/pure-ftpd/conf/TLS' file to enable SSL/TLS encryption.
  • Set the maximum number of concurrent connections: Edit the '/etc/pure-ftpd/conf/MaxClientsNumber' file to specify the maximum number of concurrent connections.
  • Limit the maximum number of connections per IP address: Edit the '/etc/pure-ftpd/conf/MaxClientsPerIP' file to set the maximum number of connections per IP address.

Step 5: Start Pure-FTPd

After configuring Pure-FTPd, you can start the server using the following command:

sudo systemctl start pure-ftpd

If you want the server to start automatically at boot time, run the following command:

sudo systemctl enable pure-ftpd

Step 6: Test the FTP Server

To test the Pure-FTPd server, open an FTP client application (such as FileZilla) and connect to the server using the virtual user you created earlier.

Enter the server's IP address, port number (21 by default), and the virtual user's credentials. If everything is set up correctly, you should be able to connect to the server and transfer files.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed and configured Pure-FTPd server on Ubuntu 22.04.

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  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

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