File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a widely used protocol for transferring files between servers and clients over the internet. Setting up an FTP server on a Linux RHEL 7 system can be a useful way to transfer files between machines or for hosting files for remote access. In this article, we will guide you through the process of setting up an FTP server on a Linux RHEL 7 system.
Table of Contents
- Install vsftpd
- Configure vsftpd
- Configure Firewall
- Create FTP Users
- Test FTP Server
Step 1: Install vsftpd
The first step is to install the vsftpd package, which is an FTP server software for Linux. Open the terminal and run the following command:
sudo yum install vsftpd
Step 2: Configure vsftpd
After installing the vsftpd package, the next step is to configure it. Open the vsftpd configuration file located at /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf using any text editor such as vi or nano.
sudo vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
You can modify the following settings to suit your requirements:
- anonymous_enable: Allow or deny anonymous access to the FTP server
- local_enable: Allow or deny local users to login
- write_enable: Allow or deny local users to upload files to the FTP server
- chroot_local_user: Restrict local users to their home directory
Step 3: Configure Firewall
By default, the firewall on RHEL 7 blocks FTP traffic. Therefore, you need to allow FTP traffic through the firewall. Run the following command to open the FTP port in the firewall.
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=21/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Step 4: Create FTP Users
To allow users to access the FTP server, you need to create FTP users. Run the following command to create a user with a home directory of /home/ftpuser.
sudo useradd -m ftpuser -d /home/ftpuser
Next, set a password for the FTP user.
sudo passwd ftpuser
Step 5: Test FTP Server
After completing the above steps, you can test the FTP server by connecting to it from a remote machine. You can use any FTP client such as FileZilla or the command-line ftp client.
To connect to the FTP server using the command-line client, run the following command:
You will be prompted to enter the FTP user credentials. Once logged in, you can upload or download files to the FTP server.
- To allow FTP users to upload files to their home directory, set the write_enable option to YES in the vsftpd configuration file.
- To configure passive mode FTP, set the pasv_enable option to YES in the vsftpd configuration file and allow the passive ports in the firewall.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.