File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another over the internet or any other network. In this article, we will learn how to set up an FTP server on Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8. FTP servers can be used to share files between computers, as well as to upload and download files from a remote server.
Table of Contents
Installing and Configuring vsftpd
Creating FTP Users
Testing the FTP Server
Installing and Configuring vsftpd:
The first step is to install the vsftpd package, which is the FTP server for RHEL 8. To do this, open the terminal and run the following command:
sudo dnf install vsftpd
Once the installation is complete, you will need to configure the FTP server. To do this, open the vsftpd configuration file using the following command:
sudo vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
Find the following line in the file and uncomment it:
Change the line to:
Save and close the file.
By default, the FTP server uses port 21 for communication. Therefore, you need to open this port in the firewall. To do this, run the following command:
sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=21/tcp --permanent
Reload the firewall rules using the following command:
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Creating FTP Users:
To create an FTP user, use the following command:
sudo useradd -m ftpuser
Set a password for the user using the following command:
sudo passwd ftpuser
You can repeat these steps to create multiple FTP users.
Testing the FTP Server:
To test the FTP server, open the FileZilla client or any other FTP client of your choice. Enter the IP address of the FTP server, username, and password of the FTP user you created in the previous step. Click on the "Quickconnect" button to connect to the server.
You should now be able to see the files on the FTP server and transfer files between the client and the server.
Setting up an FTP server on Linux RHEL 8 is relatively simple and straightforward. With the steps outlined in this article, you can easily configure an FTP server on your Linux system and begin transferring files. With proper configuration and security measures in place, you can use an FTP server to transfer files securely over the internet or any other network.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.
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