FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a widely used protocol for transferring files over the internet. Setting up an FTP server on Ubuntu 20.04 is a straightforward process that can be accomplished with just a few commands. In this article, we will walk you through the steps to install and configure an FTP server on your Ubuntu 20.04 system.
Step 1: Installing vsftpd
The first step is to install the vsftpd (very secure FTP daemon) package using the following command:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vsftpd
Step 2: Configuring vsftpd
Once vsftpd is installed, you can configure it by editing the configuration file located at /etc/vsftpd.conf using your favorite text editor:
sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
In this file, you can specify various options such as the FTP root directory, anonymous access, and user authentication. By default, anonymous access is enabled, and the FTP root directory is set to /srv/ftp. You can modify these options according to your needs.
Step 3: Creating an FTP user
To allow users to connect to your FTP server, you need to create an FTP user. You can do this by creating a new system user and setting their home directory to the FTP root directory. For example, the following command creates a new user called "ftpuser" with the home directory set to /srv/ftp:
sudo useradd -d /srv/ftp -s /bin/false ftpuser
Once the user is created, you can set a password for them using the following command:
sudo passwd ftpuser
Step 4: Restarting vsftpd
After making changes to the vsftpd configuration file, you need to restart the vsftpd service to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart vsftpd
Step 5: Testing the FTP server
To test the FTP server, you can use an FTP client such as FileZilla. Connect to your server using the IP address or hostname and the FTP user credentials you created earlier. If everything is configured correctly, you should be able to upload and download files from the server.
Here are a few additional options that you can configure in the vsftpd.conf file:
- Disable anonymous access: To disable anonymous access, set the "anonymous_enable" option to "NO".
- Allow local users to log in: To allow local users to log in to the FTP server, set the "local_enable" option to "YES".
- Use SSL/TLS encryption: To use SSL/TLS encryption, set the "ssl_enable" option to "YES" and specify the SSL/TLS certificate and key files.
Setting up an FTP server on Ubuntu 20.04 is a simple process that can be completed in just a few steps. By following the instructions in this article, you can have a fully functional FTP server up and running in no time. We hope this article has been helpful to you.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.