VirtualBox is a popular virtualization software that allows you to run multiple operating systems on a single computer without the need for additional hardware. One of the most popular operating systems to run on VirtualBox is Ubuntu, a free and open-source Linux distribution.
In this tutorial, we will walk you through the process of installing Ubuntu on VirtualBox.
Step 1: Download VirtualBox and Ubuntu
First, you need to download and install VirtualBox on your computer. You can download the latest version of VirtualBox from the official website. Next, you need to download the Ubuntu ISO file from the official Ubuntu website.
Step 2: Create a new Virtual Machine
Open VirtualBox and click on the "New" button to create a new virtual machine. In the "Name and operating system" section, give your virtual machine a name and select "Linux" as the type and "Ubuntu (64-bit)" as the version.
Step 3: Configure the Virtual Machine
In the "Memory size" section, allocate at least 2 GB of RAM to your virtual machine. In the "Hard disk" section, select "Create a virtual hard disk now" and click "Create". In the "Hard disk file type" section, select "VDI" and click "Next". In the "Storage on physical hard disk" section, select "Dynamically allocated" and click "Next". In the "File location and size" section, choose a location to save your virtual hard disk and allocate at least 20 GB of storage.
Step 4: Install Ubuntu
With your virtual machine created, click on "Settings" and then "Storage". In the "Controller: IDE" section, click on "Empty" and then on the small "Add" button on the right side of the screen. Select "Choose Virtual Optical Disk File" and browse to the Ubuntu ISO file you downloaded earlier. Click "Start" to launch the virtual machine.
Ubuntu will start booting from the ISO file. Follow the on-screen instructions to install Ubuntu on the virtual hard disk you created earlier. You can choose to install Ubuntu alongside an existing operating system or replace it entirely. During the installation process, you will be prompted to set up a username and password.
Step 5: Install VirtualBox Guest Additions
Once Ubuntu is installed, you need to install VirtualBox Guest Additions to enable features such as shared folders, seamless mode, and 3D acceleration. To install Guest Additions, click on "Devices" in the VirtualBox menu bar and select "Insert Guest Additions CD image". This will mount a virtual CD in Ubuntu. Open a terminal and navigate to the mounted CD directory by running the command:
<your_username> with your Ubuntu username and
<version> with the version number of the Guest Additions. Run the following command to install Guest Additions:
Once the installation is complete, restart your virtual machine.
Step 6: Enjoy Ubuntu on VirtualBox
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Ubuntu on VirtualBox. You can now use Ubuntu just like any other operating system, with the added flexibility and convenience of virtualization.
So, VirtualBox is a powerful tool that allows you to run multiple operating systems on a single computer. Installing Ubuntu on VirtualBox is a great way to explore Linux and its many features without having to install it directly on your computer. We hope this tutorial has been helpful in guiding you through the process.
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That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.