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How to Use Kubernetes Probes - Liveness, Readiness and Startup

How to Use Kubernetes Probes - Liveness Readiness and Startup

Kubernetes is a powerful container orchestration platform that allows you to manage and deploy containerized applications at scale. One of the key features of Kubernetes is its ability to monitor the health of your application using probes. Probes are Kubernetes objects that check the status of your application and can take action based on the results.

In this article, we will explore the three types of Kubernetes probes: liveness, readiness, and startup. We will discuss what they are, why they are important, and how to use them effectively in your applications.

Liveness Probe

The liveness probe is used to determine if your application is still running. It checks if the application is responsive and available. If the probe fails, Kubernetes assumes that the application has crashed and will restart it.

To create a liveness probe, you need to add the following configuration to your deployment:

livenessProbe:
httpGet:
path: /healthz
port: 8080
initialDelaySeconds: 30
periodSeconds: 10

In this example, we are using an HTTP GET request to the path /healthz on port 8080. We are also setting an initial delay of 30 seconds and a period of 10 seconds between subsequent checks.

Readiness Probe

The readiness probe is used to determine if your application is ready to accept traffic. It checks if the application is ready to serve requests. If the probe fails, Kubernetes assumes that the application is not ready and will stop sending traffic to it.

To create a readiness probe, you need to add the following configuration to your deployment:

readinessProbe:
httpGet:
path: /ready
port: 8080
initialDelaySeconds: 5
periodSeconds: 5

In this example, we are using an HTTP GET request to the path /ready on port 8080. We are also setting an initial delay of 5 seconds and a period of 5 seconds between subsequent checks.

Startup Probe

The startup probe is used to determine if your application has started successfully. It checks if the application has completed its initialization process. If the probe fails, Kubernetes assumes that the application has failed to start and will restart it.

To create a startup probe, you need to add the following configuration to your deployment:

startupProbe:
httpGet:
path: /healthz
port: 8080
failureThreshold: 30
periodSeconds: 10

In this example, we are using an HTTP GET request to the path /healthz on port 8080. We are also setting a failure threshold of 30 seconds and a period of 10 seconds between subsequent checks.

Probes are an essential part of Kubernetes that allow you to monitor the health of your application and take action based on the results. In this article, we have discussed the three types of probes: liveness, readiness, and startup. We have also provided examples of how to configure each probe in your deployment.

By using probes effectively, you can ensure that your application is always available, responsive, and ready to accept traffic.

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  • That's it for this post. Keep practicing and have fun. Leave your comments if any.

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